Breast Cancer Screening

Breast cancer screening

Don't Postpone that Check-up

Cancer of the breast is a disease that occurs when the cells of the breast develop abnormally and grow at a faster rate than the body can regulate. It is one of the commonest cancers in the world and has a high mortality rate when discovered late. 

It affects both genders but is more common in women. 

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Breast cancer screening

Don't Postpone that Check-up

Cancer of the breast is a disease that occurs when the cells of the breast develop abnormally and grow at a faster rate than the body can regulate. It is one of the commonest cancers in the world and has a high mortality rate when discovered late. 

It affects both genders but is more common in women. 

More Details

  • What is Breast Cancer?

    What is Breast Cancer? 

    Cancer of the breast is a disease that occurs when the cells of the breast develop abnormally and grow at a faster rate than the body can regulate. It is one of the commonest cancers in the world and has a high mortality rate when discovered late. 

    It affects both genders but is more common in women.  

    Although this disease is incurable, it has a very high survival rate when diagnosis is made promptly and treatment initiated early. 

    What are the symptoms of breast cancer?  

    The symptoms of cancer of the breast include:- 

    Painless lump in the breast 

    Nipple discharge (usually bloody) 

    Change in the appearance of the nipple 

    Lump in the armpit 

    Changes on the skin on/around the breast 

    Change in the appearance of the nipple 

    Swelling of the whole breast

    These symptoms can be detected early by regular self-examination.

    If you note any of the above symptoms, it is advisable to speak to a general medical doctor about them to get further guidance.

  • More About Breast Cancer

    Are there any risk factors? 

    Yes. The risk factors for breast cancer are:- 

    • Family history of breast cancer 
    • Exposure to chest radiation 
    • Prolonged use of oral contraceptives 
    • Hormone therapy after menopause 
    • Nulliparity i.e. not having borne any children 
    • Lifestyle factors – tobacco and alcohol use, obesity etc 
    • Previous abnormal breast biopsy 
    • Specific genetic mutations 
    • No breastfeeding history 

  • What causes Breast Cancer?

    Breast cancer is caused by genetic abnormalities that cause cell growth to occur out of the control of the body’s regulatory mechanisms. The abnormal growth leads to changes in the appearance of the breast and its surrounding structures leading to the commonly-noted symptoms listed above. 

    If left untreated, the abnormal growth of cells will involve much deeper structures on the chest like muscles, bones, and even the lungs. 

  • Does that mean the disease runs in families?

    Yes. Studies have shown that carriers of specific genes in their genetic make-up have a higher risk of developing breast cancer. They may also transmit the risk to their children.  

    It is possible to get screened for breast cancer if you have a family history of breast cancer in your family. First degree relatives such as mothers, sisters, aunts and daughters are also advised to get screened for breast cancer. 

  • What is Breast Self-Examination?

    Breast self-examination is a simple procedure that can be done at home by women to check for the early signs of breast cancer. Skin changes and lumps in the breast or armpit area can easily be discovered by a self-examination.

    The best time to perform the exam on yourself is right before taking a shower or when lying down at the end of your day.

    If any of the changes above are noted, you should get a doctor’s evaluation as soon as possible.

    Scroll down to the bottom of the page to learn how to do it correctly.

  • What does breast cancer screening entail?

    Breast cancer screening ideally begins with a consultation with a general doctor. The doctor will take a history from the patient and perform a clinical examination of both breasts.   

    They will then recommend appropriate screening tests depending on what information has been obtained from the consultation. 

    The tests that may be requested are:  

    Breast ultrasound 

    Mammogram (an X-ray of the breast) 

    Breast MRI 

    Breast cancer tumor markers

  • Should one get all of these done at the same time?

    No. There are guidelines as to who should get what test at different stages of their lives. These guidelines are used by our healthcare providers to request the appropriate screening test for each individual patient. 

    Your doctor should be able to advise comprehensively on which screening test to take after the initial consultation. 

  • What happens next after the first breast cancer screening consultation?

    The breast screening results will be sent back to your doctor.  

    If the screening test was negative, (s)he will recommend follow-up checks usually 3 years apart if you’re in the average risk group and below 40 years. 

    If you are above 40 years, the check-ups are more frequent- usually annual. 

  • What if I am diagnosed with Breast Cancer?

    The diagnosis is usually achieved after a specimen of the tissue is obtained and analysed in the lab by specialists called pathologists. 

    Several steps can be taken after this.  

    general surgeon may be involved to remove the cancer surgically before it spreads. 

    An oncologist(cancer specialist) can be engaged to advise on chemotherapy or radiotherapy to manage the disease.

    Either of these specialists may recommend palliative care when the disease is too advanced to use any of the other modalities of treatment. 

  • What are the complications of breast cancer?

    Some of the complications of untreated breast cancer include:

    • Spread to organs such as the lungs, brains, and bones of the spine
    • Anemia or low levels of hemoglobin in blood
    • Infection of the breast cancer wound on the affected breast(s)
    • Formation of clots in veins

Frequenty Asked Questions

  • What is the Ponea Health Breast Cancer Awareness booking experience?

    The Ponea Health e-commerce platform offers a one-stop point for breast cancer screening services. Book a vetted doctor, lab, or imaging center conveniently at the comfort of your home, hotel, or office.

  • What is Ponea Health Price comparison?

    Ponea health is an aggregator of various health services and providers that work in tandem to guarantee holistic patient care. Through Ponea Health e commerce platform, you are able to compare and array of vetted providers such as doctors, laboratories and imaging centers offering similar services at different price points and locations. This allows you to select one within your budget and convenience in terms of location.

  • Do I have to visit a hospital to get my screening done?

    Save for the breast ultrasound which may be performed at home, breast cancer screening tests involve forms of imaging that can only be done in a facility set-up. Our partner imaging centers and doctors are vetted professionals who ensure the highest quality service and accurate results for all our clients.

  • How do I get my medications?

    Ponea Health e-pharmacy platform is a 24-hour service that is dedicated to delivering medication promptly and conveniently to your home or preferred pick-up point. Through the upload prescription functionality, you can submit your prescription and get your medication delivered right to your doorstep.

  • What do the ratings on my doctor mean?

    Doctors on the Ponea Health e-commerce platform are rated based on a combination of their qualifications, continuous professional advancement and overall patient satisfaction. This guarantees you get the highest attainable level of care.

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